HTML cheatsheet

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<!– * *******************************************************************************************
* HTML5 Cheat sheet by Hackr.io
* Source: https://websitesetup.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/HTML-CHEAT-SHEET-768×8555.png
* ******************************************************************************************* * –>

<!– Document Summary –>

<!DOCTYPE html> <!– Tells the browser that HTML5 version of HTML to be recognized by the browser –>
<html lang=”en”></html> <!– The HTML lang attribute is used to identify the language of text content on the web. This information helps search engines return language specific results, –>
<head></head> <!– Contains Information specific to the page like title, styles and scripts –>
<title></title> <!– Title for the page that shows up in the browser title bar –>
<body></body> <!– Content that the user will see –>

<!– Document Information –>

<base/> <!– Usefull for specifying relative links in a document –>
<style></style> <!– Contains styles for the html document –>
<meta/> <!– Contains additional information about the page, author, page description and other hidden page info –>
<script></script> <!– Contains all scripts internal or external –>
<link/> <!– Used to create relationships with external pages and stylesheets –>

<!– Document Structure –>

<h1></h1> … <h6></h6> <!– All six levels of heading with 1 being the most promiment and 6 being the least prominent –>
<p></p> <!– Used to organize paragraph text –>
<div></div> <!– A generic ontainerused to denote a page section –>
<span></span> <!– Inline section or block container used for creating inline style elements –>
<br/> <!– Creates a line-break –>
<hr> <!– Creates a sectional break into HTML –>

<!– Text Formatting –>

<strong></strong> and <b></b> <!– Makes text contained in the tag as bold –>
<em></em> and <i></i> <!– Alternative way to make the text contained in the tag as italic –>
<strike></strike> <!– creates a strike through the text element –>
<pre></pre> <!– Preformatted monospace text block with some spacing intact –>
<blockquote></blockquote> <!– Contains long paragraphs of quotations often cited –>
<abbr></abbr> <!– Contains abbreviations while also making the full form avaialable –>
<address></address> <!– Used to display contact information –>
<code></code> <!– Used to display inline code snippets –>

<!– Links Formatting –>

<a href=”url”></a> <!– Used to link to external or internal pages of a wbesite –>
<a href=”mailto:email@example.com”></a> <!– Used to link to an email address –>
<a href=”name”></a> <!– Used to link to a document element –>
<a href=”#name”></a> <!– Used to link to specific div element –>
<a href=”tel://####-####-##”></a> <!– Used to display phone numbers and make them as clickable –>

<!– Image Formatting –>

<img src=”url” alt=”text”> <!– Used to display images in a webpage wehre src=”url” contains the link to the image source and alt=”” contains an alternative text to display wehn the image is not displayed –>

<!– List Formatting –>

<ol></ol> <!– Used to create ordered lists with numbers in the items –>
<ul></ul> <!– Used to display unordered lists with numbers in the items –>
<li></li> <!– Contains list items inside ordered and unordered lists –>
<dl></dl> <!– Contains list item definitions –>
<dt></dt> <!– definition of single term inline with body content –>
<dd></dd> <!– The descrpition of the defined term –>

<!– Forms Formatting and Attributes –>

<form action=”url”></form> <!– Form element creates a form and action=”” specifies where the data is to be sent to when the visitor submits the form –>

<!– Supported attributes –>
method=”somefunction()” <!– Contains the type of request (GET, POST… etc) which dictates how to send the data of the form –>
enctype=”” <!– Dictates how the data is to be encoded when the data is sent to the web server. –>
autocomplete=”” <!– Specifies if the autocomplete functionality is enabled or not –>
novalidate <!– Dictates if the form will be validated or not –>
accept-charset=”” <!– Identifies the character encoding upon form submission –>
target=”” <!– Tell where to display the information upon form submission. POssible values: ‘_blank’, ‘_self’, ‘_parent’, ‘_top’ –>

<fieldset disabled=”disabled”></fieldset> <!– Identifies the group of all fields in the form –>
<label for=””></label> <!– A simple field label telling the user what to type in the field –>
<legend></legend> <!– The form legend acts as a caption for the fieldset element –>

<input type=”text/email/number/color/date”> <!– Input is the input field where the user can input various types of data –>

<!– Supported attributes –>
name=”” <!– Describes the name of the form –>
width=”” <!– Specifies the width of an input field –>
value=”” <!– Describes the value of the input information field –>
size=”” <!– Specifies the input element width in characters –>
maxlength=”” <!– Specifies the maximum input character numbers –>
required=”” <!– Specifies if the input field is required to fill in before submitting the form –>
step=”” <!– Identifies the legal number intervals of the input field –>

<textarea name=”” id=”” cols=”30″ rows=”10″> <!– Specifies a large input text field for longer messages –>
</textarea>

<select name=””></select> <!– Describes a dropdown box for users to select from variety of ochoices–>

<!– Supported attributes –>
name=”” <!– The name for a dropdown combination box –>
size=”” <!– Specifies the number of available options –>
multiple <!– Allows for multiple option selections –>
required <!– Requires that a value is selected before submitting the form –>
autofocus <!– Specifies that the dropdown automatically comes to focus once the page loads –>
<optgroup></optgroup> <!– Specifies the entire grouping of available options –>
<option value=””></option> <!– Defines one of the avaialble option from the dorpdown list–>
<button></button> <!– A clickable button to submit the form –>

<!– Tables Formatting –>

<table></table> <!– Defines and contains all table related content –>
<caption></caption> <!– A description of what table is and what it contains –>
<thead></thead> <!– The table headers contain the type of information defined in each column underneath –>
<tbody></tbody> <!– Contains the tables data or information –>
<tfoot></tfoot> <!– Defines table footer –>
<tr></tr> <!– Contains the information to be included in a table row –>
<th></th> <!– Contains the information to be included in a single table header –>
<td></td> <!– Contains actual information in a table cell –>
<colgroup></colgroup> <!– Groups a single or multiple columns for formatting purposes –>
<col> <!– Defines a single column of information inside a table –>

<!– Objects and iFrames –>

<object data=””></object> <!– Describes and embed file type including audio, video, PDf’s, images –>

<!– Supported attributes –>
type=”” <!– Describes the type of media embedded –>
height=”” <!– Describes the height of the object in pixels –>
width=”” <!– Describes the width of the object in pixels –>
usemap=”” <!– This is the name of the client-side image map in the object –>

<iframe src=”” frameborder=”0″></iframe> <!– Contains an inline frame that allows to embed external information –>
<embed src=”” type=””> <!– Acts as a container for external application or plug-in –>
scr=”” <!– The source of the external file you’re embedding –>
width=”” <!– Describes the width of the iframe in pixels –>

<!– HTML5 New Tags –>

<header></header> <!– Defines the header block for a document or a section –>
<footer></footer> <!– Defines the footer block for a document or a section –>
<main></main> <!– Describes the main content of a document–>
<article></article> <!– Identifies an article inside a document –>
<aside></aside> <!– Specifies content contained in a document sidebar –>
<section></section> <!– Defines a section of a document –>
<details></details> <!– Describes additonal information that user can view or hide –>
<dialog></dialog> <!– A dialog box or a window –>
<figure></figure> <!– An independent content block featuring images, diagrams or illustrations –>
<figcaption></figcaption> <!– Caption that describe a figure –>
<mark></mark> <!– Displays a portion of highlighted text with in a page content –>
<nav></nav> <!– Navigation links for the user in a document –>
<menuitem></menuitem> <!– The specific menu item that a usrr can raise from a pop up menu –>
<meter></meter> <!– Describes the scalar measurement with in a known array –>
<progress></progress> <!– Displays the progress of a task usually a progress bar –>
<rp></rp> <!– Describes text within the browsers that do not support ruby notations –>
<rt></rt> <!– Displays east asian typography character details –>
<ruby></ruby> <!– Describes annotations for east asian typography –>
<summary></summary> <!– Contains a visible heading for details element –>
<bdi></bdi> <!– Helps you format parts of text in a different direction than other text –>
<time></time> <!– Identifies the time and date –>
<wbr> <!– A line break within the content –>

<!– Collective CHaracter Obejcts –>

&#34; &quot; Quotation Marks – ”
&#38; &amp; Ampersand – &
&#60; &lt; Less than sign – <
&#62; &gt; Greater than sign – >
&#160; &nbsp; Non-breaking space
&#169; &copy; Copyright Symbol – ©
&#64; &Uuml; @ symbol – @
&#149; &ouml; Small bullet – .
&#153; &ucirc; Trademark Symbol – ™