Javascript cheatsheet

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/* *******************************************************************************************
* GLOBAL OBJECTS > OBJECT
* https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object
* ******************************************************************************************* */

// Global object: properties
Object.length // length is a property of a function object, and indicates how many arguments the function expects, i.e. the number of formal parameters. This number does not include the rest parameter. Has a value of 1.
Object.prototype // Represents the Object prototype object and allows to add new properties and methods to all objects of type Object.

// Methods of the Object constructor
Object.assign(target, …sources) // Copies the values of all enumerable own properties from one or more source objects to a target object. method is used to copy the values of all enumerable own properties from one or more source objects to a target object. It will return the target object
Object.create(MyObject) // Creates a new object with the specified prototype object and properties. The object which should be the prototype of the newly-created object.
Object.defineProperty(obj, prop, descriptor) // Adds the named property described by a given descriptor to an object.
Object.defineProperties(obj, props) // Adds the named properties described by the given descriptors to an object.
Object.entries(obj) // Returns an array containing all of the [key, value] pairs of a given object’s own enumerable string properties.
Object.freeze(obj) // Freezes an object: other code can’t delete or change any properties.
Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor(obj, prop) // Returns a property descriptor for a named property on an object.
Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(obj) // Returns an object containing all own property descriptors for an object.
Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj) // Returns an array containing the names of all of the given object’s own enumerable and non-enumerable properties.
Object.getOwnPropertySymbols(obj) // Returns an array of all symbol properties found directly upon a given object.
Object.getPrototypeOf(obj) // Returns the prototype of the specified object.
Object.is(value1, value2); // Compares if two values are the same value. Equates all NaN values (which differs from both Abstract Equality Comparison and Strict Equality Comparison).
Object.isExtensible(obj) // Determines if extending of an object is allowed.
Object.isFrozen(obj) // Determines if an object was frozen.
Object.isSealed(obj) // Determines if an object is sealed.
Object.keys(obj) // Returns an array containing the names of all of the given object’s own enumerable string properties.
Object.preventExtensions(obj) // Prevents any extensions of an object.
Object.seal(obj) // Prevents other code from deleting properties of an object.
Object.setPrototypeOf(obj, prototype) // Sets the prototype (i.e., the internal [[Prototype]] property).
Object.values(obj) // Returns an array containing the values that correspond to all of a given object’s own enumerable string properties.

// Object instances and Object prototype object (Object.prototype.property or Object.prototype.method())
// Properties
obj.constructor // Specifies the function that creates an object’s prototype.
obj.__proto__ // Points to the object which was used as prototype when the object was instantiated.

// Methods
obj.hasOwnProperty(prop) // Returns a boolean indicating whether an object contains the specified property as a direct property of that object and not inherited through the prototype chain.
prototypeObj.isPrototypeOf(object) // Returns a boolean indicating whether the object this method is called upon is in the prototype chain of the specified object.
obj.propertyIsEnumerable(prop) // Returns a boolean indicating if the internal ECMAScript [[Enumerable]] attribute is set.
obj.toLocaleString() // Calls toString().
obj.toString() // Returns a string representation of the object.
object.valueOf() // Returns the primitive value of the specified object.

/* *******************************************************************************************
* GLOBAL OBJECTS > ARRAY
* https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Array
* ******************************************************************************************* */

// Global object: properties
Array.length // Reflects the number of elements in an array.
Array.prototype // Represents the prototype for the Array constructor and allows to add new properties and methods to all Array objects.

// Global object: methods
Array.from(arrayLike[, mapFn[, thisArg]]) // Creates a new Array instance from an array-like or iterable object.
Array.isArray(obj) // Returns true if a variable is an array, if not false.
Array.of(element0[, element1[, …[, elementN]]]) // Creates a new Array instance with a variable number of arguments, regardless of number or type of the arguments.

// Instance: properties
arr.length // Reflects the number of elements in an array.

// Instance: mutator methods
arr.copyWithin(target, start, end) // Copies a sequence of array elements within the array.
arr.fill(value, start, end) // Fills all the elements of an array from a start index to an end index with a static value.
arr.pop() // Removes the last element from an array and returns that element.
arr.push([element1[, …[, elementN]]]) // Adds one or more elements to the end of an array and returns the new length of the array.
arr.reverse() // Reverses the order of the elements of an array in place — the first becomes the last, and the last becomes the first.
arr.shift() // Removes the first element from an array and returns that element.
arr.sort() // Sorts the elements of an array in place and returns the array.
array.splice(start, deleteCount, item1, item2, …) // Adds and/or removes elements from an array.
arr.unshift([element1[, …[, elementN]]]) // Adds one or more elements to the front of an array and returns the new length of the array.

// Instance: accessor methods
arr.concat(value1[, value2[, …[, valueN]]]) // Returns a new array comprised of this array joined with other array(s) and/or value(s).
arr.includes(searchElement, fromIndex) // Determines whether an array contains a certain element, returning true or false as appropriate.
arr.indexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex]) // Returns the first (least) index of an element within the array equal to the specified value, or -1 if none is found.
arr.join(separator) // Joins all elements of an array into a string.
arr.lastIndexOf(searchElement, fromIndex) // Returns the last (greatest) index of an element within the array equal to the specified value, or -1 if none is found.
arr.slice(begin, end) // Extracts a section of an array and returns a new array.
arr.toString() // Returns a string representing the array and its elements. Overrides the Object.prototype.toString() method.
arr.toLocaleString(locales, options) // Returns a localized string representing the array and its elements. Overrides the Object.prototype.toLocaleString() method.

// Instance: iteration methods
arr.entries() // Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the key/value pairs for each index in the array.
arr.every(callback[, thisArg]) // Returns true if every element in this array satisfies the provided testing function.
arr.filter(callback[, thisArg]) // Creates a new array with all of the elements of this array for which the provided filtering function returns true.
arr.find(callback[, thisArg]) // Returns the found value in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function or undefined if not found.
arr.findIndex(callback[, thisArg]) // Returns the found index in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function or -1 if not found.
arr.forEach(callback[, thisArg]) // Calls a function for each element in the array.
arr.keys() // Returns a new Array Iterator that contains the keys for each index in the array.
arr.map(callback[, initialValue]) // Creates a new array with the results of calling a provided function on every element in this array.
arr.reduce(callback[, initialValue]) // Apply a function against an accumulator and each value of the array (from left-to-right) as to reduce it to a single value.
arr.reduceRight(callback[, initialValue]) // Apply a function against an accumulator and each value of the array (from right-to-left) as to reduce it to a single value.
arr.some(callback[, initialValue]) // Returns true if at least one element in this array satisfies the provided testing function.
arr.values() // Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the values for each index in the array.